Here are just seven of the damaging lies about Latina women common in American society today. If you were to accept everything you heard about Latinas, you might think they were scheming and hypersexual, yet socially conservative women whose “equal educational opportunities” and “competitive purchasing power” signify their “arrival.”
Rodríguez examines how and why “peoples who are clearly red or brown and undeniably Indigenous to this continent have allowed ourselves, historically, to be framed by bureaucrats and the courts, by politicians, scholars, and the media as alien, illegal, and less than human.” Chicano/a identity functions as a way to reclaim one’s Indigenous American, and often Indigenous Mexican, ancestry—to form an identity distinct from European identity, despite some Chicanos/as being of partial European descent—as a way to resist and subvert colonial domination. Academic Angie Chabram-Dernersesian indicates in her study of literary texts formative to the Chicano Movement that most of the stories focused on men and boys and none focused on Chicanas.
In New York City, Puerto Ricans first began running for public office in the 1920s. In 1937, they elected their first government representative, Oscar Garcia Rivera, to the New York State Assembly. In Massachusetts, Puerto Rican Nelson Merced became the first Hispanic elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and the first Hispanic to hold statewide office in the commonwealth. Stateside Puerto Rican men were in a weaker position in comparison with men from other racial-ethnic groups.
More frequent alcohol use was inversely related to agreement with the spiritual models of addiction. Women who frequently used alcohol appeared to disagree with statements suggesting powerlessness over substance use, and a reliance on faith and God to recover from addiction. Past research has similarly suggested a negative association between alcohol use and spirituality (Grodzicki & Galanter, 2006).
Unionization efforts were initiated by the Confederación de Uniones Obreras in Los Angeles, with twenty-one chapters quickly extending throughout southern California, and La Unión de Trabajadores del Valle Imperial (Imperial Valley Workers’ Union). Capitalist owners used “red-baiting” techniques to discredit the strikes through associating them with communists. Chicana and Mexican working women showed the greatest tendency to organize, particularly in the Los Angeles garment industry with the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union, led by anarchist Rose Pesotta. Many Chicano and Black zoot-suiters engaged in draft evasion because they felt it was hypocritical for them to be expected to “fight for democracy” abroad yet face racism and oppression daily in the U.S. The appropriation of a pre-contact Aztec culture has since been reexamined by some Chicano/as who recognize a need to affirm the diversity of Indigenous ancestry among Chicano/as.
If attributions vary based on English language proficiency, then the adoption of the receiving culture may influence attributions. Such findings could inform which aspect of culture is more important in influencing attributions about addiction. Findings could also benefit social work practitioners and researchers interested in developing and implementing culturally tailored substance abuse interventions. Latinos are the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority group in the United States.
She has been the recipient of many awards throughout her professional career. Rossina joined Union Bank in 1981, and during her tenure, she has served in various positions in small business lending, Special Assets management and Multicultural Markets. Prior to 2020, Rossina managed the charitable contributions and community outreach in Orange County, San Diego and the Inland Empire; thus, making her familiar with the issues affecting most markets in Southern California. Rossina Gallegos facilitates and manages the charitable contribution and the Foundation grant making for Los Angeles and Orange County. She also implements strategies, tactics and programs to maximize the talent and availability of Union Bank employees with the needs of low-and moderate-income communities.
This has disastrous consequences for the Latino community by denying them monetary resources that would ultimately benefit them. The National Women’s Law Center estimates that the gender wage gap amounts to a loss of $26,095 a year. That amount can mean a lot to a working family attempting to pay its bills, put food on the table, and provide for their children. NWLC also estimates that over the course of a 40-year career, with the current wage gap, the average Latina would lose over a million dollars in wages. Wage gaps also harm the individuality of working Latinas and limit their social and economic mobility.
- “Hispanic or Latino” refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.
- Each person has two attributes, their race and whether or not they are Hispanic/Latino.
- Race and Hispanic origin are two separate concepts in the federal statistical system.
- Swimmers Ryan Lochte (the second-most decorated swimmer in Olympic history measured by total number of medals) and Dara Torres (one of three women with the most Olympic women’s swimming medals), both of Cuban ancestry, have won multiple medals at various Olympic Games over the years.
- Maya DiRado, of Argentine ancestry, won four medals at the 2016 games, including two gold medals.
Beyond that, though, the differences between Latinas in and outside the United States suggests that there could be lifestyle and environmental factors that contribute to the development of the disease in these women as well. While this doesn’t completely explain the increase in breast cancer rates when women of this ethnic background move to the United States, different genetic tendencies could provide some information about why the disease is different in women of Hispanic/Latino background.
A rater attended every AMIGAS and general health promotion session and recorded whether all activities were implemented with fidelity. We assigned participants to the study conditions after the baseline assessment with concealment-of-allocation procedures, defined by protocol and compliant with published recommendations.19 Before enrollment, an investigator used a random-numbers table to generate the allocation sequence.
English And Spanish Language Proficiency, Nativity, And Attributions About Addiction
Non-medical sedative use unexpectedly was positively associated with endorsement of disease model attributions. Sedative abusing women may have a higher awareness of withdrawal syndromes, dependence, and tolerance due the toxic effects of misuse of sedatives (Becker, Fiellin, & Desai, 2007).
During 1900, the “Color or Race” question was slightly modified, removing the term “Mulatto”. Also, there was an inclusion of an “Indian Population Schedule” in which “enumerators were instructed to use a special expanded questionnaire for American Indians living on reservations or in family groups off of reservations.” This expanded version included the question “Fraction of person’s lineage that is white.” In the 1830 census, a new question which stated “The number of White persons who were foreigners not naturalized” was included. The 1820 census built on the questions asked in 1810 by asking age questions about slaves.
Respondents providing write-in entries such as multiracial, mixed, interracial, We-Sort, or a Hispanic/Latino group in the “Some other race” category are included here. The https://promo.theleadershipchannel.net/2020/04/29/what-everybody-else-does-in-regards-to-women-of-panama-and-what-you-ought-to-do-different/ 1960 census re-added the word “color” to the racial question, and changed “Indian” to “American Indian”, as well as adding Hawaiian, Part-Hawaiian, Aleut, and Eskimo.
While Latina women are less likely than Latino men to develop substance use problems, there are ethnic disparities among substance-using women in terms of socioeconomic status. Because of established relations between socioeconomic status and substance use among Latinos, we explored whether differences in income and education may also be associated with varying attributions about addiction among Latina women. The effect of acculturation on substance abuse is particularly powerful for Latinas . This effect is potentially due to loss of heritage-cultural practices, values, and identifications; and the adoption of receiving-cultural practices, values, and identifications during the acculturation process (Schwartz, Unger, Zamboanga, & Szapocznik, 2010). Thus, the current study investigates whether attributions about addiction vary based on participants’ nativity, Spanish language proficiency (as an indicator of heritage-culture retention), and English language proficiency (as an indicator of receiving-culture adoption).